Procedures for security guards

A security guard is a person who is usually hired by a private organization to monitor the place of a business, a private home or a commercial institution. The security guards preserve the security of the building, maintain order and protect the residents, employees and visitors of the establishment. Although the procedures of security guards may differ depending on the responsibilities of the particular job, the guidelines of the security company and the training of security officers, there are some procedures that tend to be universal.


The main function of the job of every security guard is the prevention of incidents. The security guards spend a large part of their shift making sure that illegal packages or people are not allowed in the place without proper authorization. Security guards follow all established protocols to check visitors, receive packages and verify identities as necessary. A security guard may be standing in a place in the same establishment, or he may have to make planned rounds to check the perimeter of the property both outside and inside the building. Prevention also includes protecting the entrances to the building after hours, checking the functioning of the building’s security equipment such as automatic closures.

Observe and report

The procedural guidelines for most security guard companies require that a security guard observe and report during the course of their shift. A security guard is usually expected to keep a log of daily events and make corresponding incident reports that provide a detailed record of daily activities in and around the building. Observation records should include a date, time, place and description of all visitors, shipments and other events. Daily log reports often require the security guard to record the hours during which he conducts the planned rounds during his shift, as well as the findings of each security inspection.

Get in touch with law enforcement

Some security guards companies provide weapons and combat training to security guards who must carry a weapon because they are in a high-risk area, such as a bank. But most of the security guards who work inside the office buildings and stores are not armed. Since most security guards are not trained as law enforcement officers, companies that provide security services often train their guards to follow a procedure that involves contacting law enforcement immediately in case of theft, robbery or assault. In most cases, a security guard is not expected to detain a dangerous criminal or take justice into their own hands.

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