Murals are large-scale drawings or paintings used to decorate a wall. Contrary to hanging pieces of art, murals are applied directly to the surface of interior or exterior structures. They are done regularly with the intention of a long-term sample, but can be changed periodically due to the needs of the space. Although the dimensions of the murals vary, it is agreed that should occupy most of the visual space available to qualify.
The professionalism of a given mural, however, is debatable, since there is no quantifiable criterion established for classifying a piece of art. For purposes of categorizing the different murals, the artist’s credentials and the final cost of the piece ordered can be used to classify the piece as “professional”.
- Determine the purpose of the mural. Request this information from the organization that ordered the work. Check your work contract for the details that have to do with the limits of artistic interpretation.
- Draw a scale model of the wall on paper; although the wall may be rectangular, it may not have the same proportions as an 8.5-by-11-inch (21.5-by-27.5-cm) sheet. Be sure to choose a functional scale and stick to it. Write the scale you used (for example 1 inch = 1 foot / 2.5 cm = 30 cm)
- Color the drawing with pencils. Choose colors that are similar to the available paintings or take the finished drawing to a paint seller for assistance in finding colors.
- Divide the drawing into sections with an overlapping grid. Draw directly on the sketch or apply a plastic transparency with lines for temporary use.
- Work on sections to transfer the outline of the main shapes to the wall. Apply the contours lightly with a pencil or paint.
- Work at a speed compatible with the paint you are using; For example, the oil paints dry slowly, so you have time to touch up the mistakes; However, this means you are more likely to damage a finished portion of the wall.
- Stand at least 20 ft. (6.1 m) away from the wall and observe the piece in an integral manner. Look for poor composition or color choices that are not working well in the environment.