Cyber crime is any illegal activity committed using a computer or the Internet. Cybercrime includes credit card and bank account fraud, program piracy, copyright infringement, stalking and harassment. Malicious programs (malware) are often hidden in harmless-looking file attachments. Electronic fraud is designed to trick Internet users into sharing passwords and other private information. Cyber crime can be committed against any person, property and organization. Diligent control of the computer is necessary to protect sensitive information.
Cyber crimes against people include junk and deceptive mail, defamation, harassment and stalking. A deceptive email is one that appears from a different source than the actual author. Junk emails are numerous copies of the same email, such as a chain or sales requests. Cyber defamation is committed when someone publishes defamatory demands on a website or through email. Electronic stalking occurs when someone uses chat sessions, email or social networking sites to control another person’s Internet activity and causes unwanted contact.